Most college students tend to look for a job after they have graduated. This is perhaps the gravest mistake they will make in graduate employment search process. Keep in mind that companies recruit on a cycle that is similar to the academic year. The most competitve firms will have their requistions for their June hires filled by the Fall of the previous year. If a student is graduatin in May 2009, many firms will have positions filled for that class by no later than December 2008 (with many firms filling their requistions for full time hires using their summer internship programs). When students wait until after graduation to begin their employment search they place themselves at a strategic disadvantage as most employers will have already filled their requisitions for full time hires. They are seeking employment at a time when the bulk of opportunities that have been reserved specifically for them are no longer available.
Students without an offer can begin their job search simply by going to their career services centers. For Seniors without an offer, networking is the best way to access opportunitites. Use http://linkedin.com in to connect with alumni from your school or contact individuals who have a background in an area you find interesting. Rather than inquiring about opportuniites request information or advice on your career search. Find local professional organizations and get connected. Indentify a few choice firms and create a strategic campaign using your resume and cover letter to secure an interview. Become fully acquainted with the staff, events and programming for your career services center. Do something other than wait until you recieve your diploma.